A short excerpt from the timeline of Torgau

973 Torgau (Torgov) is first mentioned in official documents
1119 The first official reference is made to the castle over the Elbe crossing; Torgau is acquired by the Margrave of Meissen in the same year.
1267 Torgau is first attested as a city.
1425 Captured bears are documented in the moat.
1442 The city suffers its first great fire.
1482 The city suffers its second great fire.
1483/1484 The Grosser Teich is dug out to supply the Electors of Saxony with fish.
1485 Saxony is divided up between the brothers Ernst and Albrecht. Torgau remains the main residence of the Ernestine line of the House of Wettin until the mid-16th century and experiences its political, economic and cultural heyday.
1482-1623 “Hartenfels” is built as an important early-Renaissance castle.
1482 The Albrechtsbau is built, making it the oldest part of the present-day castle (Wing D).
1533-1536 The Johann-Friedrich-Bau is built with the Grosser Wendelstein staircase (Wing B).
1544 The castle chapel is consecrated by Martin Luther (in Wing B).
1616-1623 Wing A is built with the electoral coat of arms on the front portal; the fifth part of the building (Wing E) is constructed in 1791
1514 Elector Frederick the Wise gives the city its current coat of arms and grants the right to enclose the seal in red wax.
1523 The Torgau-born councillor Leonhard Koppe helps nuns to escape Nimbschen Monastery in Grimma. The most famous of the 12 nuns is Katharina von Bora.
1525 The people of Torgau storm the Franciscan monastery on Ash Wednesday.
1526 The League of Torgau is founded.
1530 Luther, Melanchthon, Jonas and Bugenhagen lay the foundations for the Augsburg Confession by developing the Torgau Articles.
1547 Elector Johann Frederick the Magnanimous is defeated at the Battle of Mühlberg by Emperor Charles V; he cedes his electorship and Torgau to his cousin Moritz in Dresden.
1552 Katharina von Bora, the wife of Martin Luther, dies in Torgau and is laid to rest at St. Mary’s Church.
1563-1579 The Renaissance town hall is built on the site of the former St. Nicholas Church.
1627 The first German opera “Dafne” by Heinrich Schütz is performed at Hartenfels Castle.
1711 Tsar Peter I of Russia has his son marry a German princess at Hartenfels Castle. He has an important conversation with the scholar Leibniz in Torgau.
1760 The Battle of Torgau takes place on the Süptitzer Heights.
1811 The city is expanded into a fortress at Napoleon’s behest.
1815 Torgau becomes Prussian territory following the Congress of Vienna.
1863 The first gasworks are built in Torgau.
1872 A connection is made to the rail network.
1889 The city is defortified.
1894 The port is built.
1900 Friedrich Partuschke builds a brewery on Naundorfer Strasse.
1903 The water tower is built.
1906 Stoll is founded as an agricultural machinery company.
1907 A jam factory is built, followed by the steelworks and the Villeroy & Boch stoneware factory in 1926.
1911 The first power station is built.
1926 The glassworks are built.
1939 The old fortifications “Brückenkopf” and “Fort Zinna” are used as prisons by the German Wehrmacht.
1943 The Central Reichsgericht is moved from Berlin to Torgau.
1945 Soviet and American troops meet on the Elbe in Torgau on 25 April 1945.
1946 “Brückenkopf” and “Fort Zinna” become special camps for the Soviet occupying forces.
1953 The former moat is used to build a new outdoor bear enclosure.
1973 A celebration is held to mark 1,000 years of history and the beginning of extensive redevelopment work in the old town.
1982 The railway bridge is opened on Warschauer Strasse.
1983 Joe Polowsky is buried at Torgau cemetery. The former American soldier had always campaigned for peace since the meeting on the Elbe in 1945.
1988 Torgau is twinned with Sindelfingen in the German state of Baden-Württemberg.
1990 Torgau becomes a Saxon city once again.
1994 The castle church celebrates its 450th anniversary with the addition of a new four-piece organ.
1996 Saxony Day is held in Torgau, attracting over 300,000 visitors.
1996 Martin Luther is honoured (450th anniversary of his death).
1998 Torgau celebrates its 1,025th anniversary.
1999 Katharina von Bora is honoured (500th birthday).
2004 Over 226,000 visitors attend the 2nd Saxon State Exhibition “Faith and Power – Saxony in Reformation Europe” in Torgau.
2015 The former residential palace of Hartenfels provides an authentic setting for “Luther and the Electors”, the first of four major special exhibitions held around Germany to mark the 500th anniversary of the Reformation.

Exhibition “Treasures of a Princely Marriage” at Hartenfels Castle The 19th state harvest festival takes place in Torgau


Reopening of the museum in the house where Katharina Luther died in April, a magnet for visitors along the Torgau Museum Trail Opening of Georg Spalatin’s priest’s house with the exhibition “Sound & Faith”, May Opening of the exhibition of the Dresden State Art Collections in Hartenfels Castle “Torgau – Residence of the Renaissance and Reformation” – a synopsis of the exhibitions on the Luther Decade from 2012 to 2016 Opening of the exhibition “Standfest.Bibelfest.Trinkfest. – Johann Friedrich, the last Ernestine Elector” in the former electoral apartments at Hartenfel Castle, September 2017


Torgau hosts the Day of the Saxons. 285,000 guests paid a visit to the city on the Elbe.


From April 23rd to October 9th the 9th Saxon State Horticultural Show will take place


The city on the Elbe celebrates its 1050th city anniversary